Insight: Waiting the “Stage” of Two Candidates for the Vice President
The two candidates of Vice President Ma'ruf Amin and Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno will battle in third round debate on Sunday (03/17).

JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – With the three cards namely Indonesian Smart Card (ISC) for college, Pre-work Card, and Cheap Food Packages that will be made with presidential candidate Joko Widodo, Mar’uf Amin guarantees that Indonesia’s future will be better.

“To my children, you should not be afraid to dream, aspire. Parents don’t worry about their children’s future. Because the country is present and will continue to attend to help you,” Amin said during the third debate in Jakarta, Sunday (03/17) night. The debate between candidates for vice president discussed the themes of education, health, employment and socio-culture.

He explained, the ISC-College program is a continuation of ISC that has been implemented for students with nine years of compulsory education to secure their education to college. Amin claims this program is a new breakthrough so that Indonesian people can complete higher education without having to be burdened with tuition fees.

For him, there must be no obstacle for the nation’ children who are intelligent and have the potential to complete college to the undergraduate level. Two years ago, one of the targets of education in 2017 was 19.7 million students had the ISC for elementary, junior high and senior high school levels.

In addition, the government also provided school assistance in the form of School Operational Funds for 8.5 million students in Islamic school and 46.2 million students from elementary to high school levels.

Even so, the Pre-work Card is a program to ensure training and community development that does not yet have skills in the world of work. They will be trained through 3,000 Job Training Centers spread throughout Indonesia.

“We issued a pre-work card so that those who did not get work were encouraged and would provide incentives between six months to one year. “We will also provide access to free courses for both skills and art,” Amin promised before his opponent Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno.

The contender criticized the number of unemployed people in Indonesia which reached seven million while employment was not optimal. Ironically, the government actually provides convenience for foreign workers, one of which is revoking the requirement for FW to speak Indonesian.

In response, Amin emphasized that the current unemployment rate was the lowest for 20 years, ranging from 5.7 to 5.13 percent. The presence of FW in Indonesia is also quite controlled, even the lowest claimed in the world. “Our foreign workers are under control. The amount is below 0.01 percent and that is the lowest in the whole world, “he said.

Based on data from Statistics Indonesia, as of August 2018, the unemployment rate was 5.34 percent, equivalent to 7.00 million people. The unemployment rate comes from vocational education at 11.24 percent, high school 7.95 percent, diploma 6, 02 percent, university 5.98 percent.

Meanwhile, according to the Ministry of Manpower’ infographic data, the number of foreign workers in 2017 was 85.9 thousand. While the number of Indonesian workers is 121 million people. That means the ratio of foreign worker in Indonesia is 0.07 percent.

The same data shows that Indonesian  is indeed the smallest compared to surrounding countries. Malaysia has 12 percent ratio with a total  of 1.8 million compared to 15 million workforces. Singapore in 2017, the ratio reached 60.9 percent with the number of foreign worker 1.4 million people and the workforce of 2.3 million.

Whereas cheap food packages is a program intended for low-income people to be able to buy basic needs at low prices. Widodo-Amin, he stressed, wanted low-income people to meet their basic needs without being burdened with unaffordable basic necessities. Therefore, the basic needs of these people must be fully fulfilled by the government.

He also promised to maximize the Health National Insurance and Healthy Indonesia Card program if later elected. This program was considered capable of making innovative steps in encouraging the optimization of health services.

Amin explained, through this program, the government has provided considerable social insurance efforts. This can be seen from the number of Health-Social Insurance Administration participants which reached 215 million peoples. In addition, the number of recipients of health care fees from the government reached 96.8 million.

To maximize this program, he will encourage the existence of health centres that can be better reached by the community. He also promised the redistribution of doctors and medical personnel throughout Indonesia and providing adequate medicines for the community.

In addition, the vice president candidate promised to reduce stunting rates in Indonesia by 10 percent in the next five years. He claimed that currently, the government had succeeded in reducing the stunting rate by seven percent.

Amin said the three cards show incumbent policies that focus on developing Indonesia’s human resources that are superior, skilful and competitive. To realize this, Widodo-Amin in his government in the next five years will increase the Eternal Fund for education and research.

At present, Indonesia has an Endowment Fund for the education of Rp66.1 trillion or US$4.65 billion and research of Rp1 trillion. The education fund will be increased to Rp100 trillion, research to Rp50 trillion in the next five years.

Furthermore, Amin said his pair would also form the endowment to support the best universities in Indonesia. “In 2020 we start with an allocation of Rp 10 trillion,” he said.

The future education orientation is also called more encouraging students to develop into entrepreneurship. Amin believes that if entrepreneurship is strong, economic growth will increase and certainly reduce economic inequality in the community.

In fact, the number of entrepreneurs in a number of developed countries ranges from 14 percent of the total population. That is why according to a report from the Global Entrepreneurship Index, Indonesia was only ranked 94th out of 137 countries.

This position is far below other ASEAN countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines, which are respectively ranked 27, 58, 71 and 84.

Written by Lexy Nantu, Email: lexy@theinsiderstories.com