JAKARTA (TISIntel) – The political temperature is rising ahead of the Presidential Election contest which will take place on April 17, 2019, four months from now. The war of narratives between the two camps is getting fiercer.
Commodity prices are one of the main issues that are always raised. Widodo has previously focused on welfare issues in the 2014 Presidential election, but now their opposition is strongly focused on economic issues also.
Widodo and his running mate Ma’uf Amin, stated nine platforms as the basic policy direction in the 2019 Presidential election. The programs are framed in full in the spirit of mutual cooperation called Indonesia Maju.
In 2019, Widodo-Amin gave policy positions outlining six leading sectors from nine vision platforms. The new common platforms are human resources development, economic competitiveness, arts and culture, rule of law, and defense and security.
If the Nawacita put significant emphasis on maritime affairs, the new platform shelves the issue of maritime security and development under defense and security. Village and rural development also remains a priority.
The nine platforms include:
1) Improving the quality of Indonesian people;
2) Productive, independent and competitive of economic structure;
3) Equitable development;
4) Achieve a sustainable environment;
5) Cultural progress that reflects the personality of the nation;
6) Enforcement of a legal system free of corruption, friendly and trustworthy;
7) Protection for all nations and provide security for all citizens;
8) Managers of clean, effective and trusted governance; and
9) Synergy of regional government within the framework of unitary state.
These nine visions represent the acceleration, development and promotion of Nawacita while consistently applying Trisakti as an operational/strategic base by prioritizing human development (human-focused). Therefore, both leaders implemented it in three important missions.
Firstly, the Widodo-Amin team wants to continue the success of the current government programs. After a large stage of accelerating infrastructure development, the next stage is focusing on investing in and improving the quality of an advanced, superior and prosperous Indonesian society.
For this mission, the incumber sets six programs:
1) Developing a nutritional guarantee system and child development;
2) Developing health system reforms;
3) Developing education system reforms;
4) Revitalization of vocational education and training;
5) Growing entrepreneurship; and
6) Strengthening gender welfare and empowering women.
Secondly, regarding the productive, independent and competitive economic structure, Widodo-Amin also offers six action programs:
1) Strengthening the implementation of a national economic system based on Pancasila;
2) Increase added value from infrastructure utilization;
3) Continuing the revitalization of industry and its supporting infrastructure to support the industrial revolution 4.0;
4) Develop new economic sectors;
5) Sharpen structural and fiscal reforms; and
6) Develop employment reforms.
Lastly is the economy, namely equity and equitable development, Jokowi-Ma’ruf seeks to minimize inter-regional inequality which is also the focus of the first period of government and proceed to the second period through seven action programs:
1) Redistribution of assets for equitable development;
2) Develop productivity and competitiveness of cooperative MSMEs;
3) Developing a populist economy;
4) Develop social security guarantee system reforms;
5) Continuing to use the village fund to reduce poverty and inequality in rural areas;
6) Speed up the strengthening of the family economy; and
7) Develop regional economic potential for equitable development across the nation.
Of the three missions, it is evident that the Jokowi-Ma’ruf wants to build human and all Indonesian resources to win globally. The world is entering “industrial revolution 4.0” , in which the empowerment of human resources is the center of all competitive workforce structures, in addition to the development of modern infrastructure.
In the light of Indonesian education, that unemployment has never dropped dramatically, curriculums are always tried out, and academic culture is still contaminated with social, cultural and religious factors, Indonesia need a measurable and systematized basis for policy.
It will be the Jokowi-Ma’ruf vision policy in the future to pay attention to the structural problems of education which have been the dominant factor hindering the significance of budget permeation. The development to “Indonesia Maju” has never been separated from the issue of guaranteeing facilities and infrastructure and a transparent and precisely targeted policy structure.
Written by Daniel Deha, TIS Intelligence Researcher