JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – The third debate in the 2019 presidential election will bring together vice presidential candidates Ma’ruf Amin versus Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno. In terms of characteristics they are different. Amin strong in the religious field, Uno is an expert in economics. In terms of age, it also shows the competition of the elderly Amin versus energetic Uno.
Both will be pitted to discuss the issues of education, heath, employment and social-culture which are the themes of the debate. This debate held on March 17 will show the differences in the concepts and programs of the two candidates, one of which is in the field of education.
At education field, the two candidates will focus on the explanation of character education in accordance with Indonesian social-culture. The Widodo-Amin Mental Revolution jargon versus the Eight Main Characters of Subianto-Uno‘s stretchers will be contested.
Amin will emphasize the revitalization of the Mental Revolution. Revitalization also includes changes in the mental character of the nation. Meanwhile, Uno will explain Eight Main Characters’ which will be synchronized with the national education system.
The National Team Widodo-Amin said that the mental changes of the nation’s character from a negative mental character to a positive mental character must be a human and cultural development strategy that is constantly internalized in the development system, so that it becomes systemic and experiences civilization in daily behavior.
“Mental Revolution in the education system, by emphasizing the values of integrity, work ethic, mutual cooperation, and character in learning. In governance with the acculturation of values of transparency and accountability. In the social system with civilization of the noble values of the family in the institution of the family and interactions between citizens, “said the spokesman for the National Team, Irma Suryani.
While Subianto-Uno National Winning Body will build a national education system that promotes national character formation: religious, moral, healthy, intelligent and creative, hard work, discipline and orderly, independent, useful.
The opposition is committed to promoting character education in all levels of society, government, media and educational institutions. Then strengthen the control of all broadcast media / online media content from all shows that damage the nation’s character.
“The Eight Main Characters are more grounded. It is more applicable and easier to understand by the community. That is one of the main differences with the jargon of the Mental Revolution,” said spokesman for the National Winning Body Dradjad Wibowo.
In the field of employment, Uno promised to develop a Cooperative Unit with a managed fund of at least Rp 1 trillion if elected in the 2019 Presidential Election.
“The concept of the cooperative unit that we put forward is a cooperative that has penetrated a scale of Rp 1 trillion. This program is intended to encourage the emergence of cooperatives in Indonesia on a large scale,” said Uno.
Uno said that the cooperative unit would be aimed at developing a cooperative movement in Indonesia. Later, the cooperative unit program will be combined with the OK-OCE program. Thus, hoping that the various programs can encourage the growth of employment in Indonesia.
Meanwhile, Amin also called cooperatives as one of the strengths in the populist economy. Amin said that a people’s economy based on development from below could overcome the economic gap between high and low income people in Indonesia. In its vision, cooperatives must become the driving force of the national economy.
In the health sector, the two candidates’ vision and mission are almost the same. There are four things that are in focus: First, with regard to health workers and medical personnel, attention must be paid to the status, welfare, and distribution to the regions. Second, improvement of the National Health Insurance service system. Third, paying attention to the quality of health personnel education and medical personnel to be competitive in the era of the ASEAN Economic Community and industry 4.0. Finally, legal protection for health workers and media personnel at the clinic and hospital levels.
Both candidates must be able to display bold and exploration debates. This will affect the level of electability of the two candidates next 17 April.
In modern democracies, debate becomes one of the important instruments to measure the capacity and capability of prospective leaders. Through debate, the public can know how far potential leaders understand reality and problems, assess the readiness of prospective leaders to deal with and resolve problems.
The Election Commission had indeed held debates twice before. Various responses emerged after the first and second debates took place. One of them is a survey of a number of institutions trying to link the appearance of each candidate to the level of electability.
The Cyrus Network released the results of a survey with Widodo-Amin’s superiority of 57.5 percent of Subianto-Uno 37.2 percent. The difference is 20.3 percent with respondents who have not decided 3.7 percent and those who did not answer 1.6 percent. The survey was conducted on January 18 to January 23,2019, after the holding of the first debate on January 17.
Similar results were also shown by Lembaga Survei Indonesia Denny JA released the results after the initial debate and next six months, namely August 2018 to February 2019.
From August 2018 to January 2019, the electability dynamics of Widodo-Amin were 52.2 percent, 53.2 percent, 57.7 percent, 53.2 percent, 54.2 percent and 54.8 percent respectively.
While for Subianto-Uno the dynamics moved at 29.5 percent, 29.2 percent, 28.6 percent, 31.2 percent, 30.6 percent, and 31.0 percent. While in February 2019, 58.7 percent of respondents chose Widodo and 30.9 percent of respondents chose Subianto. Invalid vote 0.5 percent and 9.9 percent said they did not know or did not answer.
Media Survei Nasional also favored Widodo-Amin, 47.9 percent, over Subianto-Uno 38.7 percent. The distance between these two partners is only around 9.2 percent.
In the November 2018 survey, Widodo’s vote was 47.7 percent. When compared now, it only rose 0.2 percent. Whereas Subianto in the same period was 35.5 percent, up 3.7 percent from the latest survey.
The Celebes Research Center shows Widodo-Amin reached 56.1 percent, Subianto-Uno 31.7 percent, and those who did not know or did not answer 12.2 percent.
The Executive Director of the Indicator, Burhanuddin Muhtadi, called the effect of this third debate still likely to affect three segments of voters: fanatical voters, voters who already had a choice but did not cling to their choices, and voters who had no choice. This third group is very much determined by Amin and Uno’s performance in the third debate.
A similar statement was expressed by the political communication observer Syarif Hidayatullah University Gungun Heryanto. He said that the real debate was the process of managing public opinion. The debate that took place has its own meanings.
The first debate is the stage orientation stage and brainstorming (getting ideas). The second debate is the phase of consolidation over the previous debate which may still be a mistake. While the third debate is a solid phase. A phase of strengthening ideas that have been conveyed in previous debates.
So what aspects are assessed by the community from a debate? According to Heryanto there are four aspects that affect people’s preferences when watching the debate. First, the aspect of rhetoric because it deals with the ability to convey ideas.
Second, forum management. This aspect is related to the ability to manage dialectics, utilizing choice of issues, division of roles, and optimization of time. Failure to manage the forum will make the message not delivered properly.
Third, the firmness aspect in positioning. In this context it is important for them to affirm this position to the voter audience, he added. Fourth, impressive aspects, the ability to touch and convince public reason. That is, every idea and idea that comes out must be reasonable, he said.
Written by Lexy Nantu, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org