JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – President Joko Widodo officially fulfilled the request for the liberation of national terrorism kingpin Abubakar Ba’asyir (81 years). He said, the redemption of the Indonesian Mujahidin Council Chairman was purely for humanitarian and health reasons.
“Yes, the first is indeed a humanitarian reason. It means that he is already old,” Widodo said in Garut Regency, West Java, on Friday (01/18).
According to the President, the decision had been discussed with the Coordinating Minister for Politics, Law and Security Wiranto, National Police Chief General Tito Karnavian, and his legal advisor Yusril Ihza Mahendra.
He stated, the release of the founder of the Jamaah Anshorut Tauhid (JAT) has also been considered in terms of security. However, the former Mayor of Solo did not answer whether there were conditions given to Ba’asyir during the process, because it will be delegated to the National Police Chief.
Beforehand, the plan to liberate Ba’asyir was first delivered by Mahendra, as President’s attorney. He visited the prisoner at the Gunung Sindur Correctional Institution to convey President’ plan to give the redemption to him.
Even so, the outstanding is that the liberate plan is related to the electoral interests of the President, especially ahead of the Presidential Election. Moreover, Mahendra is the legal counsel of the national campaign team Widodo and Ma’ruf Amin.
In addition Ba’asyir is Indonesia’s terrorism snapper, he never acknowledged the existence of Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution and the Republic of Indonesia. In fact, when asking for the requirements to pledge allegiance to the basics of the country, he insisted that he preferred to be loyal to the Islam only.
Moreover, the de-radicalization process for Ba’asyir in the prison was unsuccessful. Feared, the release created a new polemic in the country.
His lawyer, Achmad Michdan, claimed that his client accepted with sincerity the policies of the President who ended his sentence. However, Ba’asyir requested that the unconditional release was not linked to politics, especially the 2019 presidential election.
But, the National Counter-terrorism Agency is concerned about the liberation. Despite agreeing to the President’s policies, they were wary of reappearance of terrorist groups or networks under Ba’asyir’s control. Moreover, followers are all over Indonesia.
Meanwhile, the Institute for Criminal Justice Reform also doubted the President’s decision to use humanitarian reasons in the exemption of Ba’asyir. In addition to the public not knowing the studies conducted by the government, consideration for health and humanitarian reasons is still too ordinary, because there are still many convicts who can be released with similar reasons.
Refer to Regulation of the Minister of Law and Human Rights Number 3 Year 2018, which requires a number of special matters that must be met by terrorist prisoners to get parole. In addition to having undergone two-thirds of the detention period, inmates must be willing to work together to dismantle the case that they did, show remorse for their mistakes, and written statements regarding loyalty to the Republic of Indonesia.
But that does not mean that the President can hit or overstep the minister’s regulations without careful consideration because this case can be a bad legal precedent in Indonesia. It should be, that in addition to parole, a prisoner is given clemency until amnesty before being released.
As we know, the effort Ba’asyir liberation has been long enough. In 2016 the National Human Rights Commission took the initiative to request the release him to the President. Based on the internal investigation, founded that he was isolated from the environment at the Nusakambangan Penitentiary in Cilacap, Central Java.
In addition, the commission is also concerned about the physical condition of the elderly and sickly Ba’asyir, so then he moved from Nusakambangan to Gunung Sindur, so that convicts could be treated better there.
In 2017, the Commission also sent a letter to the President to immediately end the Ba’asyir punishment for humanity. Then in Dec. 2018, he automatically obtained the right to parole, even though at that time the inmate rejected the conditions proposed by the government.
Previously, Ba’asyir received a 15-year prison punishment in 2011 for being proven to be an armed planner and training funder in the Jantho mount, Aceh, in 2010.
In 2002, during a Bali bomb attack, Ba’asyir was also named a suspect and punished to two years and six months after being declared conspiratorial in the terrorism case.
The liberation plan will be carried out immediately while tidy up the administration of the prison. Ba’asyir himself asked for at least three days to make his belongings in the prison cell. After get off, which was planned for Jan. 24, he will go home and be with his family in Solo, Central Java.
Written by Daniel Deha, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org