JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – The general election took place on April 17, but Indonesia’s political situation is still heating up. Allegations of fraud in the electoral process which the opposition considered were very “systematic, structured and massive” were the cause. This situation creates tension and anxiety about national security stability.
For this reason, the Coordinating Minister for Politics, Law and Human Rights, Wiranto, formed a Legal Assistance Team which was tasked with helping the government identify acts against post-election law. The team consists of 24 members, 13 of whom are from the background of legal experts from various universities.
They will review and recommend the speech of leaders who violate the law to determine whether or not law enforcement can be done.
This decision was rejected by many people and asked President Joko Widodo to immediately dissolve it. They considered the team could intervene with applicable law and a sign of democratic decline.
The National Human Rights Commission said the team could be dangerous for the legal and law enforcement authorities in Indonesia. Lembaga Studi dan Advokasi Masyarakat (ELSAM), considers that the formation of the team will cause legal problems and not be in line with the values of democracy and human rights in Indonesia. Even Amnesty International said the formation of the team was a form of authoritarianism in silencing legitimate criticism of the government.
Protests over this matter continue to be carried out by the opposition. Both on social media and field action. Even the plan for people power is initiated, one of which is to disqualify for candidates Widodo who are currently in power.
The government also responded by taking legal action. Less than a week, two leaders of “Aksi 212” were determined to be suspects by the police. Both are Chairmen of Gerakan Nasional Pengawal Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia, Bachtiar Nasir, and politician of Amanat Nasional Party, Eggi Sudjana.
Both of them are named suspects in different cases. Sudjana was a suspect in the case of alleged treason through the action of “people power”. While Nasir was named a suspect in a case of alleged Money Laundering in 2017, although many parties believe because of his involvement in the “Ijtima Ulama” forum which recommends rejecting election results because of full fraud.
Both are the main supporters of opposition leader Prabowo Subianto and loudly criticize the implementation of the 2019 elections which they claim are fraudulent and brutal. On various occasions, they accused the incumbent Widodo of committing massive fraud during the election.
The national phenomenon was discussed by the Secretary of the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, Agus Surya Bhakti, in the 2019 National Development Planning Meeting and the 2020 Government Work Plan in Jakarta, on Thursday (05/9).
Bhakti who represent Wiranto emphasized that a legal step is a rational approach to maintaining the stability of national security, especially ahead of the announcement of the results of the presidential election by the General Election Commission (GEC) at 22 Mey.
Although he acknowledged the many shortcomings of the organizers in carrying out the elections, he reminded them to complete all of them with a constitutional route, not mass mobilization on the streets especially the purpose of overthrowing a legitimate government.
“Law enforcement officials will not hesitate to take firm action against anyone who deviates from the legal mechanism. We invite the public not to be incited. Let us keep this sacred atmosphere of Ramadhan not tainted by negative things, which deny the applicable laws and regulations,” he said.
Bhakti also saw an increase in the spread of hoax news on social media. Hoaks are spread because there are actors who want to take advantage of the developing situation. The polarization that formed during the campaign period led to primordial identity – ethnicity, religion, and social inequality – which was misused to cause mass anarchism.
He emphasized the escalation of the political situation can occur if the parties that are competing cannot control each other. Plus there are actors who want to stay in the situation.
The same was conveyed by former Coordinating Minister for Politics, Law and Human Rights, Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan. In front of the journalist who interviewed him at the event, he revealed the potential for chaos that opposed the election results had indeed become one of the government’s current concerns. Many demonstrations are indeed carried out for that purpose.
The coordinating minister for maritime affairs confirmed that the demonstration was indeed protected by law, namely Law Number 9 of 1998; but he reminded that freedom of expression in public is not absolute.
He mentions Article 6 of Law Number 9 of 1998, where there are five limitations in expressing opinions or expressing it in public, namely that it must not disturb public order, must respect the human rights of others, must heed ethics and morals, and must not threaten national security, must maintain the unity of the nation.
So, according to him, based on article 6 of the law, public mobilization in the form of any demonstrations if violations can be dissolved. If the mass is disbanded, then there is criminal law.
He warned that even people must obey the rule of law. If people power is aimed at overthrowing a legitimate government or treason, then it can be subject to criminal compliance in accordance with Article 107 of the Criminal Code.
“That is an action that intends to overthrow a legitimate government is an act of treason and there is a criminal threat. In the event of such an event, then law enforcement, of course, supported by other elements, including the army, will take legal steps,” he said.
Pandjaitan stressed that the actual people power had taken place on April 17, when more than 153 million voters exercised their right to vote. He asked all parties to respect the existing processes so that security and peace were maintained.
When asked about the determination of opposition figures as suspects judged by a number of political circles, he denied and claimed that the determination of suspects was not an easy matter, certainly through strong evidence. Law enforcers, he said, are not stupid people who arbitrarily make someone a suspect.
“Look, I don’t know whether it is true that Eggi Sudjana was named a suspect. But if it is really set as a suspect, surely the reason is not because of saying people power, there must be other evidence,” he said.
He provided the elements that could be used as evidence by the police in determining someone as a suspect in treason. He was sure to find other elements such as the meeting had taken place to commit treason, the parties involved included the meeting place.
Sudjana and Natsir are two of the opposition figures that have been named by suspects. The others are Buni Yani, Ahmad Dani, and Ratna Sarumpaet who have been jailed in different cases. While other names like Asma Dewi, Kivlan Zein Lieus Sungkharisma are being processed on charges of mobilizing treason against the government. They are opposition figures who loudly criticize the government.
Written by Lexy Nantu, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org