Jakarta (TheInsiderStories) – Indikator Politik Indonesia’ survey showed that the election system indispensable the voters to elect presidential and the parliament candidates in 2019 general election based on the different location, said senior researcher on Wednesday (01/23). This is called by split-ticket voting.
There are two things that indicate this phenomenon, like the successful of the party to save voter loyalty and personal strength from the candidates to gain the majority voters, despite not from their supporting parties.
Rizka Halida, senior researcher from the institution, said that based on support for political parties, around 56.2 percent of voters were the basis of a coalition and supporters of Joko Widodo – Ma’ruf Amin pair, 26.2 percent of Prabowo Subianto-Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno’ coalition base, and the rest were non-partisan groups and outside party bases coalition and supporters.
While simulations were carried out on political parties, it was found that Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan Party (PDIP) was still in the top position like other surveys. The party’ total votes in ballot simulations were around 21.6 percent, Gerindra Party 12.2 percent, Golongan Karya (Golkar) Party 10.7 percent, and Kebangkitan Bangsa Party 9.3 percent.
In addition, Democrat Party 6.3 percent, Nasional Demokrat Party 5.3 percent, Keadilan Sosial Party 4.2 percent, Persatuan Pembangunan Party 4 percent, Persatuan Indonesia Party 3.4 percent, and Amanat Nasional Party 2.7 percent. While those who have not chosen as much as 16.5 percent.
The survey results also show that almost no political party where the voter base is always linear with the direction of party support for the presidential and vice-presidential pairs.
In the Widodo-Amin camp, PDIP was the most solid party with the acquisition of 90.1 percent. While the Hanura Party and Persatuan Pembangunan parties are still divided to the opposition. Then Golkar, Nasdem, and Perindo about 27-31 percent of the base not in the direction of the party.
On the other hand, in the Subianto – Uno camp, Democrat Party and Berkarya Party are the most supporting incumbents, which is around 40-42 percent. While Gerindra, Amanat Nasional and Keadilan Sosial Party are still very solid in supporting their partners.
In total, split ticket voting took place on both parties’ coalition bases, both the Widodo-Amin coalition (24.1 percent) and the Prabowo-Sandi coalition (28.2 percent).
On paper, incumbent partners benefit according to the accumulation of party coalition bases because usually the party voter base will tend to be supporters of the candidates carried by their party. But the facts of presidential elections in Indonesia, at least the last two presidential elections (2004 and 2009), its results actually show something different.
This was acknowledged by Roy Suryo, a Democratic politician, in which his party actually benefited from the split ticket voting in the 2004 Election. Although Democrats did not excel in the legislative elections, they eventually won the presidential contest.
“At that time Democrats were only 7.5 percent but could win in the presidential election, while Golkar and PDIP were in positions one and two. Now this time it is possible to happen again,” he said.
However, Johny G. Plate, Secretary General of Nasdem Party said there must be a rational indicator to show what dominant factors affect split ticket voting. He considered, the results of this survey were greatly influenced by the quality of Indonesia’s public space which was characterized by lies, hoaxes, fraud.
This can be seen from the approach carried out by survey institutions in Indonesia generally in the period leading up to this election. According to him, this result is not enough to approach the rational factor of quality selection criteria from a democratic country.
Furthermore, Marwan Jafar, Kebangkitan Bangsa Party] politician, precisely highlighted the fact that democracy that a presidential candidate who is not supported by a majority of coalitions would win the contestation. That is, the strength of the candidate and his performance are more important than the political parties.
“In 2014, the Widodo – Kalla bearers were all small, PDIP, Hanura, PKB, Nasdem, but they could win. So, not necessarily the pair supported by the majority wins in the presidential election,” he noted.
He considered, in the context of the election simultaneously between the President and the legislature as it is today, on the one hand it benefits parties, but on the other hand it will be a boomerang. Because the excesses are far greater than before, where the consolidation of internal parties and coalition also affected the party’s vote and the presidential and vice-presidential candidate pairs.
For example, in his party, Amin’s figure did not necessarily boost electability and support for the Widodo-Amin camp. Because, according to him, talking about split tickets is very dependent on the characteristics of the bearer party, character, programs offered, and political attitudes of the candidates.
Written by Daniel Deha, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org