Papua's People - Photo: Privacy

JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – Recently, there were massacres of 31 civilians who were detained by a group of Rebels, refer to the Free-Papua Movement. The incident took place on Sunday (12/02) in Kabo hill, not far from the workers’s camp.

There were 11 workers managed to escape after pretending to died when gunned. Only six of them were survived, while five others were killed.

Actually, the explosion of the rebellion began when the Indonesian government banned the Papoea Vrijwilligers Corps, a Dutch-inherited military, in May 1963, which been the Free-Papua Movement pioneered. Then, the first Indonesian military counter-operation in Papua in May 1965 killed dozens of civilians.

Afterwards, resistance and violence never subsided. The Papuan people are divided into two groups, one of which is integrated with Indonesia, but the other remains pro-independence.

Thus, the chain of violence and murder had being an inseparable part of the Papuan which often placed civilians as the most vulnerable target in any act of violence, either by the authorities or by pro-independence armed groups.

Most recently, at the commemoration of independence on Dec. 1, a demonstration was carried out by the Alliance of Papuan Students throughout Indonesia. At least 537 students were arrested by the authorities.

Post-incident, a number of parties strongly condemned crimes committed by pro-independence groups. There is no reason that justifies the violence and killing of civilians in the Papua’s conflict. Conversely, the arresting of Papuans students was rallied is violating the Papuans public rights.

In opinions’s polarization related to the currently conflict, how should the government take the right solution. So far, the government seems not serious about continuing the dialogue process and stopping the security approach in dealing toward conflict in Papua.

Moreover, the problem also shows that the approach to infrastructure development Papua can’t necessarily restore the security situation and resolve violence in Papua. The structural problems in Papua is not only to economic problems and equitable development.

Therefore, as much as three new steps to recovery Papua’s problems. First, the Government and all parties involved in the conflict to stop violence and attacks on civilians. As a vulnerable group, civilians often become “victims” of the tension of groups in conflict.

Second, in this case, the government must ensure the disclosure and law enforcement carefully and proportionally, by paying attention and prioritizing the protection of civil society, and not targeting or even using violence against Papuan civilians who are often stigmatized as separatist groups.

The wrong way to deal with conflict in Papua often fosters human rights violations and chains of violence. Third, carry out serious and comprehensive dialogue on various issues of political expression, poverty and injustice in Papua.

These three approaches can potentially solve various structural problems of violence and crime in Papua. The equal distribution of prices for basic necessities, fuel or Trans-Papua development has not been significant enough to reconcile the rebellion.

At the historical evidence, Papuan nationalism is now getting stronger. Does the solution have to always pass through the bullet, or the ballot? Besides of that, should we continue to imitate the politics of pacification in the Dutch, by simply reversing its geographical orientation.

In Dutch era, the Dutch East Indies freedom fighters who were considered “dangerous” were banished to Irian, but now, Irian Jaya’s freedom fighters are increasingly dangerous, banished to Kalisosok and other prisons in Java. Has it been to complete ethical?

Written by Daniel Deha, Email: