INSIGHT: US in the North-China-Russia Triangle Relation Vortex
Russia, China can be approached by North Korea following denuclearization disagreements with the United States. Photo by United Nation Security Council.

JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – North Korea can get closer to China and Russia to reduce international sanctions after failing to reach an agreement with the United States (US). After met twice, US’ President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un comes out with nothing to do about denuclearization in the Korean Peninsula.

Moreover, Russia and China have called on the United Nation (UN) Security Council to relax sanctions against North Korea as an incentive for the country’s efforts to carry out denuclearization.

This attitude of Moscow and Beijing threatens the international consensus on sanctions against Pyongyang, and is contrary to the attitude of Washington which maintains a policy of maximum pressure on Pyongyang to be fully validated in denuclearization.

While Russia does not want the crisis on the Korean Peninsula to continue to heat up. Because it will open opportunities for US to increase their military presence in the region and increase strength in the waters around China and South Korea which are considered to threaten Russian security seriously.

Increasingly tight US sanctions against North Korea coincided with Washington’ economic pressure on China, pushing North Korea closer to Russia. Although at the same time Beijing emphasized efforts to strengthen its alliance with Russia to fight American pressure.

On the other hand, given Western sanctions against Russia also benefited from the game with North Korea. Moscow tried to show US that it was in a strong coalition against Washington, by supporting Pyongyang.

Cooperation with North Korea could be very beneficial for Russia. Plus, this time Moscow has established itself as a loyal ally for a number of countries affected by US and Western sanctions.

Russia believes that North Korea’ nuclear issue should not be a pretext for US to overthrow the country’ government. America must find a diplomatic solution to end the crisis on the Korean Peninsula by stopping economic, political and military pressure on Pyongyang.

This Russian attitude was welcomed by North Korea, and Pyongyang is currently trying to establish coordination and continue to negotiate with China.

In a recent years, Russia and China have become new friends and are considered US’ biggest competitors. Despite the ups and downs of the history of diplomatic relations, the two countries have shown improvement in diplomacy lately.

The recent military exercises that have demonstrated the closer relations between China and Russia, which are based on the convergence of national interests, similar views on the world order, and the need for an alliance against the US.

Known as Vostok 2018, the military training was declared to be the biggest war training ever in Russia. The event featured more than 1,000 aircraft, around 36 thousand tanks and other military vehicles, and 80 warships.

US and the West reacted by claiming that Russia and China have long been allies and are now preparing for war with US. Also mention closeness is only “partnership with a shallow level of comfort”.

In fact, relations between Russia and China have continued to increase for more than a quarter of a century. Although they disputed in the 1960-s and 1970-s, the two countries have been closer since the Soviet Union’s last years and have now reached the point of “strategic partnership and interaction”.

The fact that China changed its leaders several times during that period and Russia changed its entire political system showed that the approach of Russian-Chinese relations was not based on temporary ideology or political goals, but on the convergence of national interests.

Globally, the two countries support the preservation of the international legal system after the second world war. This is understandable considering Russia and China are weaker than the US and its allies. But their Security Council veto placed them on par with the US and gave them control over the UN’ decision.

In this sense, the US is a revolutionary force in international relations, while Russia and China are conservative. Russia and China advocate multi-polarity, a world that is not based on central power domination, but on the interaction of several major centers. In such a world, they can play an important and independent role.

The two countries shared a common view of most regional conflicts: Iraq, Libya, Syria and Iran and Korea nuclear issues. China has been Russia’s biggest trading partner for the past seven years.

Although Russia has a smaller share of China’ foreign trade, China buys important goods from Russia, such as weapons systems, which cannot be purchased elsewhere, and raw materials, which are needed to diversify its supply chain.

Finally, cooperation between their border regions plays an important role in the development of the two countries. The decision of Chinese President Xi Jinping to attend the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok in September 2018 then underlined the importance of such cooperation.

Russia and China have developed extensive infrastructure for cooperation, from annual meetings between senior leaders to a number of intergovernmental commissions and lower-level contacts. Almost every region of Russia, cities, universities, and research centers now has a permanent relationship with partners in China.

Both Russia and China do not have the same level of cooperation with other countries. This trend will continue, in large part thanks to the arrogant approach taken by the US towards these two countries.

The US has long been accustomed to benefiting from its global economic dominance. But its influence declined, amid the growing relative influence of other power centers including Russia and China.

Responding to Western anti-Russian sanctions, Vladimir Putin’ country gave Chinese investors access to its energy sector, reached an agreement for the most modern weapons sales, and built closer military cooperation with the partner.

Trump’ trade tariffs and China’ countermeasures have led China to seek alternative suppliers of agricultural products such as soybeans. As a result, China began importing more soybeans from Russia and investing in soybean production there.

Thus, Russia and China will continue to enhance cooperation even without outside pressure. Even US sanctions and tariffs deepen their relationship. This situation can also be used by North Korea if indeed the agreement with US about denuclearization and sanctions doesn’t meet the solution.

Written by Lexy Nantu, Email: lexy@theinsiderstories.com

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