Jakarta (TheInsiderStories) – After stagnating with a score of 37 in 2016 and 2017, Indonesia’ Corruption Perception Index (CPI) score in 2018 rose one point to 38. Of the 180 countries surveyed, Indonesia was ranked 89th.
This finding is based on the results of research conducted by Transparency International Indonesia (TII). The score of 0 indicates very corrupt, while 100 is clean of corruption.
“Indonesian CPI score for 2018 (amounting to) 38 from (scale) 0 to 100. With 89 ranks. This score rose 1 point from the last 2017 CPI and rose 7 ranks from last 2017,” said TII Research Department Manager Wawan Suyatmiko in his presentation on Tuesday (01/29).
Thus, Indonesia’ CPI is still below 50. However, Indonesia ranks fourth in ASEAN. This is far better than other ASEAN countries.
“In Asean, Indonesia ranks 4th. Singapore rises, Brunei rises, Malaysia (stagnates), Indonesia (rises), Philippines rises, Thailand drops 1 point, Timor Leste drops 3 points,” Suyatmiko said.
Reportedly, at the global level, five countries with the highest scores in a row: Denmark, New Zealand, Finland, Singapore, Sweden. While the lowest five scores were occupied by North Korea, Yemen, South Sudan, Syria, Somalia.
He explained, the CPI assessment was based on nine data sources, namely the World Economic Forum (WEF), the International Country Risk Guide, Global Insight Country Risks Ratings, the IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook and the Bertelsmann Foundation Transform Index, Economist Intelligence Country Ratings Unit, PERC Asia Risk Guide, Varieties of Democracy Project and World Justice Project.
“There is an increase in Global Insight and PERC, especially Global Insight has increased by 12 points. Global Insight is one of the surveys that mostly discusses the behavior of businesses, especially in improving the investment climate and anti-corruption,” he said.
But there are stagnant assessments, such as the WEF, the International Country Risk Guide, the Bertelsmann Foundation Transform Index, the Economist Intelligence Unit Country Ratings and the World Justice Project.
“There are two indices that have dropped, the IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook has dropped 3 points and our Varieties of Democracy Project has also dropped 2 points,” said the observer.
He highlighted several important things from Indonesia’ CPI score this year. First, the biggest increase in Indonesia’ CPI score was contributed by the increase in index scores at Global Insight Country Risks Ratings and the PERC Asia Risk Guide.
“This is one of the best performances that is important to note together that the ease of business process, this investment licensing is a big leverage in its contribution to raising our CPI,” said Suyatmiko.
The issue of relations between business people and politicians and political corruption is still an obstacle to increasing Indonesia’s CPI score. So this is still a homework that must be repaired in Indonesia.
“However, if we record the last 10 years of our CPI journey, in 2009 we are on a score of 28 in the ranking of 111. In 2018 our score is 38 in the rank 89. In a linear graph it increases,” he added.
Meanwhile, the Indonesian Corruption Eradication Commission (CEC) said there was a global phenomenon in which political corruption was still a serious obstacle in the growth of a country’s CPI.
Until now a number of perpetrators of corruption in the political sector handled by the CEC were 69 parliaments, 161 regional parliaments, 107 local governments.
These politicians committed corruption alongside the private sector such as plantation permit holders, forestry, building large projects, implementing project procurement at the central and regional levels as well as top-level officials in the government.
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