The Second Debate of 2019 Presidential Election - Photo by TheInsiderStories

JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – Presidential Candidate’ Prabowo Subianto promised to make Indonesia independent and reduce dependence on imports through a policy of self-sufficiency in food, energy and water. While the incumbent Joko Widodo will continue the strategic programs in the fields of infrastructure, energy, food and environment, which have begun with his administration.

This was conveyed by both candidates at the second round debate with the theme of infrastructure, energy, food, natural resources and the environment in Jakarta, on Sunday (02/17) night.

Subianto said that the theme of the debate this time was at the core of the problems of the nation and state that were still not resolved through good strategy and governance.

“We see this as a major issue so that we stand under our own feet. We must be self-sufficient in water, food and energy. We will guarantee food and affordable prices for the community,” he said in the presentation of his vision and mission on the issues.

The contender acknowledged the performance of the Widodo administration in the infrastructure sector, but his party considered the development in the incumbent’ administration to be less efficient which was detrimental to development-affected communities and State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs), leaving a large debt for the country.

He gave an example of the index per kilometer of Vietnam, Malaysia and Morocco, where the value is two times cheaper than Indonesia. In the World Bank report, almost no visible impact from our economy in real terms on the economy.

“There are several projects such as Palembang LRT (light rapid transit), Kertajati Airport in West Java, and others that are not used after construction. The environmental and social impacts, the cost of money, where there is now a lot of debt, and we will struggle to improve infrastructure development,” he explained.

Meanwhile, Widodo claimed that if his governance in the field of infrastructure development had been quite successful in empowering rural communities. In addition, the construction of toll road infrastructure, ports, airports, railways and dams (58 units) can also be enjoyed by the public and business actors.

He also explained that the construction of the 191,000 km road for the benefit of the people and the compensation process to date has been going well but the portion of land of acquisition is still small at only 2 percent. Therefore, in the future he asked the contractor to give a higher price of up to four percent to the community.

In the energy sector, Widodo remains optimistic that in the coming years, Indonesia will no longer depend on the use of fossil energy. His government has begun to boost efforts to produce renewable energy such as B20, water, wind and B100, especially by utilizing the abundance of national palm oil production.

Meanwhile, in the food sector he said that Indonesia had now begun to carry out food self-sufficiency. Since 2014, the government has succeeded in producing corn up to 3.3 million tons from a total of 33 million tons of national corn needs.

“Rice imports have declined and in 2018 we produce 33 million tons and our consumption is 30.2 million tons. We have a surplus. Import to maintain stock availability, price stabilization, food security and for disasters,” he said.

Widodo explained to hold that his, government continued to import rice to maintain stock availability and stabilize domestic rice prices in the non-harvest season.

However, Subianto dismissed the government’ import policy by saying it would empower domestic producers. He suggested that the foreign exchange revenues could be used to provide land, seeds, fertilizers and others.

Furthermore, Widodo acknowledged that the Industrial Revolution 4.0 had an impact on people’ business behavior. Therefore, he prepare human resource development for farmers, and they could enter into digital ecosystems such as e-commerce, where loans can be made through financial technology, and not through third parties.

“I want to convey that the Palapa Ring is almost 100 percent, while we have completed the 74 percent 4G system in the city district. If this year all finishes will be easy to enter the industrial 4.0 era,” he stated.

But Subianto actually saw that Revolution Industry 4.0 was not necessarily able to empower rights and justice for farmers, civilians and farmers. Therefore, he will first guarantee food prices and food availability.

Moreover, with the abundance of palm oil production, the contender said that it would boost production of palm oil, cassava, ethanol from sugar so the country would not import oil.

Then, in order to add unicorns in Indonesia, the incumbent claims to have had 1,000 new startup programs by building Palapa Ring and fourth generation (4G) systems. He will also continue to simplify licensing through good regulation.

Subianto assessed Widodo’ government policy, which is related to tax imposition and regulatory changes, greatly helped the development of national start-up companies. However, he was worried that if the number of unicorns would facilitate the process of transferring funds abroad. As reported, Indonesia lost Rp11,400 trillion (US$814.29 billion) because the money was taken abroad.

US$1: Rp14,000

Written by Daniel Deha, Email: daniel@theinsiderstories.com