Two President and VP Candidates for 2019 General Election - Photo by President Office

JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – Democracy in Indonesia is still influenced by the fake news or hoax, social media and the partisan attitude. The fact findings based on the survey conducted by an observer Indicators during Dec. 16 to 26 of 2018, four months after presidential race.

The survey also found that the psychological condition of voters also determined partisan attitudes in the form of support for certain candidates would be compelled to pay attention and trust information that supports his attitude, and vice versa, reject and not believe in information that is contrary to his attitude.

As we know, the hoax issue lately has become a commodity on the political market. Hoax spreads can occur accidentally due to misrepresentation, or intentionally by certain parties to cause public anxiety, create mis-understandings, and fraud in order to gain profit.

In the context of the 2019 Presidential Election, the most frequent and long-standing hoax are usually related to the personal issues of presidential candidates. Personal issues are considered easier to arouse emotions and more detrimental to voters.

In a simulation made by a survey institute, the Joko Widodo – Ma’ruf Amin mate still excelled over Prabowo Subianto – Sandiaga Uno, where the incumbent hold 54.9 percent and the contender 34.8 percent. While around 9.2 percent not choice, and 1.1 percent abstentions.

Although the declined in last October at 53 percent from 57.7 percent in September, but two months later, the electability of the Widodo – Amin rose again. While the Subianto – Uno had an electability of 30 percent in September and in December it rose significantly to 34.8 percent.

These results indicate that the allegations or issues regarding Widodo’s personal life as descendants of the communism, Christian families and Chinese descent were never real. And survey findings state that the majority of people do not believe in the issue of Jokowi being born to Christian (57 percent), Chinese (58 percent) and communism (85 percent).

Likewise, the issue of the suing of Subianto’s involvement in human rights violations and activist kidnappings was what Widodo’s supporters saw. However, even though residents knew or heard about the issue, those who believed were only 40 percent and the rest did not believe 33 percent.

Meanwhile, in access to social media and the internet, internet users among voters reached around 95.4 million, out of a total list of 2019 Permanent Voters around 190.8 million voters.

The political preference of the people in the virtual benefits Widodo – Amin’ camp, where they excel both among internet users (52 percent) and non-internet users (57 percent). While the Subianto – Uno base is greater for internet users (39 percent) than for the non-user group (31 percent).

The incumbent pair also excels in groups that access information through the internet and social media, but support for the contender tends to be higher in the most intense groups accessing it, especially on Facebook and Twitter, while on Instagram and YouTube relatively equally.

On the other hand, Lingkaran Survey Indonesia reported in the period August-December 2018, the potential for victory or defeat of parties participating in the 2019 General Election. The results showed that Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan Party had the potential to make history of two consecutive champions in the Reformation election to 27.7 percent.

Meanwhile, Nasional Demokrat Party (12.9 percent) and Golkar Party (10 percent) fight over the top two. Without Big Bang, for the first time Golkar was not the big two in the Reformation era.

Kebangkitan Bangsa Party (6.9 percent) and the Demokrat Party (3.3 percent) also competed for positions, or returned to the acquisition in 2004 election. So far, the Persatuan Pembangunan Party leads a new party with 1.9 percent, but it needs more massive marketing to qualify and enter the top five.

Although the acquisition is still very small, the Berkarya Party (0.1 percent) and the Solidaritas Indonesia Party (0.1 percent) are lively with ideas.

Written by Daniel Deha, Email: theinsiderstories@gmail.com