JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – The potential for landslides in Indonesia threatens more than 40.9 million people, National Disaster Management Agency reported today (01/02). While, disasters and tsunamis have hit tens of thousands victims in the past four years.

The agency’ spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, said that the potential in Indonesia spread in almost all regions, along Barisan Hill in Sumatra, central and southern Java, Bali, West Nusa Tengara, East Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua, except Borneo Island.

“The population is exposed to the danger of moderate landslides to high, there are 40.9 million people. They are spread in 274 regencies  and cities,” he said at a press conference at his office.

Nugroho revealed that the task of regional government needs to be emphasized in building permits so the landslide possibility can be controlled. He suggested houses be built in safe areas by considering disaster risk analysis.

Moreover, the government has limited availability of landslide detectors. Because the number of needs is very high until it cannot be covered by the budget. So that not all locations are prone to landslides.

“There are 300-400 landslide detection units from millions of units of needs. There are rainfall-based siren sounds or ground-based cracks in sound equipment,” he said.

In addition, he is concerned about the function of high slope slopes. This can trigger a landslide. He appealed for biotechnology-based conservation by planting deep-rooted trees. The goal is to resist landslides.

“The root breadfruit plants are in guarding the ground to avoid landslides. It could be an economic value too, so it is maintained. For teak trees, sengon must be cut down for economic reasons, then planted again from scratch, it takes time,” said Nugroho.

According to available data, there were around 9,957 disaster events during the period 2014 to 2018 and killed 6,170 peoples. Although it declined from the previous period, the fact stated that Indonesia was currently in a disaster emergency.

Throughout 2018 itself there were 2,532 disasters which caused 4,773 peoples killed and disappear, 14,193 injured, 10.2 million displaced, and 318,044 housing damaged.

Totally, in the last 15 years, there were 22,777 disasters which killed 187,215 people. This has not counted the physical damage and injured and displaced victims.

Coming to the 2019, the flow of disasters has not stopped. At present, several volcanoes are in a turbulent period. Recently, an earthquake in East Nusa Tenggara and a similar cloud of ocean waves (tsunami) occurred in the sky city of Makassar.

In addition, there has been found a submarine volcano as high as 4,6 km in the southern part of Bengkulu province. Although it does not have the potential for eruption, the second highest mountain activity in Indonesia is monitored.

The agency itself has submitted a report on the predictions of a disaster in this year. According to this institution, estimated there will be thousands of disasters in 2019.

During the period Nov 2018-April 2019, floods, landslides and putting-picks will still occur. Meanwhile, in May-June 2019 there will be a tornado, June-October drought and forest and land fires, and the period of Nov-Dec 2019 will be floods and landslides.

In addition, the potential for volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis will continue. It means, the disasters that occurred in the previous years, are projected to occur again in 2019.

Recently, Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics agency just found a new crack in Mount Anak Krakatau which potentially to subsequent tsunami. Last week, the agency has raised the mountain’ status to standby level (Level III).

So far, the death toll from the Sunda Strait tsunami has increased. The death toll is 437 dead, 14,059 injured, 16 missing, and 33,721 displaced. Then, the number of physical damage has also increased where 2,752 houses and 92 inns or stalls have been damaged. And as many as 510 boats and ships, 147 vehicles, and two dock and shelter facilities were also damaged.

At the same time, on Monday (12/31) a landslide disaster occurred in Sirnaresmi Village, Cisolok District, Sukabumi Regency, West Java. As known, the avalanches occurred due to rain which flooded Sukabumi for several days. The landslide hoarded dozens of homes.

Until today, reported that the victims found as many as 16 people from a total of 35 people suspected of being buried by avalanches. It means, there are still 19 people who have not been found. The search process still being carried out by a joint team. But it was suspended due to bad weather.

Written by Daniel Deha, Email: theinsiderstories@gmail.com