Asia-Pacific Region Needs to Think about the Future of Disaster Mitigation

JAKARTA (TheInsiderStories) – The devastating earthquake and tsunami that hit Indonesia in September 2018 and the earthquake that struck Nepal in April 2015, showed more frequent natural disasters throughout Asia and the Pacific. This is a reminder of the urgency of building and maintaining resilience to disasters in the future, said an official report on Monday (03/04).

According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB) report, the earthquake that occurred in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia in September 2018 claimed as many as 3.400 killed.

Then the earthquake in 2006 in the southern of Java Island claimed as many as 6.592 killed. And the biggest is the tsunami that occurred in the Indian Ocean in 2004 which destroyed the region of Aceh, and claimed as many as 200 thousands people killed.

Meanwhile, the Cyclone Haiyan disaster that occurred in the Philippines in 2013 claimed casualties of 7.415 killed and the 1991 Cyclone Thelma disaster of 5.956 killed.

Then, the earthquake and tsunami occurred in Japan in 2011 which claimed as many as 19.846 peoples killed. Previously, in 1995 there was an earthquake which killed as many as 5.297 peoples.

The biggest ones happened in China. In 2010 there were earthquakes which claimed 2.977 killed in 2008, 87.564 in 1996 and 1998 fload disaster which claimed of 4.250 peoples killed.

Turning to the South Asian region, India suffered four major disasters. In 2013 there was fload which claimed 6.453 peoples, in 2001 there was an earthquake that claimed over 20 thousands people. In 1998, Gujarat cyclone claimed 3.471 peoples. In 1999 Odisha cylone killed of 20.378 peoples and in 1993 the earthquake killed of 9.748 peoples.

Even in contiguous areas there are still disasters, for example in Afghanistan (earthquake: 73.338 killed), Sri Lanka and Myanmar (Cyclone Nargis: 138.366 killed), Nepal (earthquake: 8.000 killed), Bangladesh (Cyclone Gorky: 138.866 killed) and Pakistan and India (earthquake: 20.000 killed).

In addition to the millions of people who died from the disaster, there were hundreds of millions of victims affected by disasters that occurred in almost all of the Asia-Pacific region. In total there are at least 2.006 billion peoples affected.

Meanwhile, by estimated damage, the disasters that occurred in the Asia-Pacific region suffered a loss of cost by US$ 488.07 billion.

In the earthquake and tsunami tragedy in Central Sulawesi and Lombok in West Nusa Tenggara, the ADB disbursed $ 3 million in grants to support emergency relief efforts and offered long-term emergency assistance loans to help reconstruct destroyed societies.

ADB is also exploring other ways to mobilize additional resources for emergency assistance, including reprogramming and increasing financing in ongoing loan projects to rehabilitate and restore essential services such as electricity, water supply and sanitation.

Therefore, in the ADB point of view, the Asia-Pacific countries need to prepare its better policy. Increansingly frequent natural disasters throughout Asia are a reminder of the urgency of building and maintaining resilience against future catastrophes.

Written by Daniel Deha, Email: daniel@theinsiderstories.com